Milan History

The foundation of Milan is credited to two Celtic peoples, the Bituriges and the Aedui and their emblems were a ram and a boar. Hence, a wool-bearing boar became the city’s symbol. The German name for the city in the history of Milan remained Mailand, while in the local Western Lombard language it is Milán, similar to the French.

Milan history suggests that around 400BC, Milan was inhabited by the Celtic Insubres and around 222BC; it was conquered by the Roman which named it as Medioanum. Later on, in 293 AD contemporary Emperor Diocletian declared it the capital of Western Roman Empire. In 402, the city came under control of Visigoths and the imperial residence relocated to Ravenna. During so called Gothic war in 539; Ostrogoths destroyed the city. But the bad time disappeared during the middle ages which could not sustain longer. Again in 1162, city saw huge destruction due to the attack of Frederick I Barbarossa. Year 1450 brought great news for the Milan as it was made one of the leading cities of the Italian Renaissance.

Spanish, French and Austrian domination period also have great significance for the city. In 1492 Louis XII laid claim to the duchy and Swiss mercenaries defended the city. But, the war between French, Spanish and Austrian continued for the control over Milan and eventually under the treaty of Utrecht in 1713, Lombardy including Milan came under Austrian sovereignty. Later on in 1796, Napoleon conquered Lombardy and again the glory of Milan was signified by declaring it the capital of Cisalpine Republic. During 1815, the city became the centre of lyric opera. La Cannobiana and the Teatro Carcano were the two most important theatres in 19th century.

Austrian rule over Milan was strongly challenged by Milanese on 18th March 1848 which famous as five days. Sardinia and France perfectly recognized the favorable situation and formed an alliance which defeated Austria in the Battle of Solferino in 1859. Soon, the political unification of Italy strengthened the Milan’s commercial dominance. Flurry of railway construction and rapid industrialization can be seen during these days. Mussolini period and world war again threw challenges to reorganize and the Milan deserves applaud for accepting this challenge and strongly reestablishing its global presence.

Hotel in Milan
Cheap Milan Hotels
Discount Hotel in Milan
Budget Hotel in Milan
Luxury Hotel in Milan
Star Hotel in Milan
Travel Guide
Milan Map
Milan Transport
Milan Events
Milan Attractions
About Milan